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一文读懂生态旅游的前世今生与未来

2020-03-10 绿维文旅 标签:

新冠疫情影响下,人们对自然和健康更加向往,更需要从各种生态体验、生态认知、生态教育等方面,获得身心的愉悦。生态旅游对实现自然保护、环境教育及社区发展等方面有着显著影响。根据多年发展经验,一方面,生态旅游既是对自然资源的一种合理利用方式,也是对生态系统的一种有效管理途径;另一方面,为了使生态旅游者获得深层次的旅游体验,需要深入了解和把握旅游者的环境意识和旅游景区的环境特征,以便更好地实施环境教育;同时,通过开展生态旅游,可以带动当地社区相关产业的发展和多重经济的繁荣,从而减轻社区居民对当地资源的依赖。

绿维文旅遵循绿色生态理念,可为风景名胜区森林公园地质公园湿地公园水利风景区手机买彩票等自然保护地的健康可持续发展,提供生态旅游规划、生态保护与修复、生态景观设计、生态产业导入等服务。

LAIYUANSHETUWANG

SHENGTAILVYOUSHISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDEYOUXIAOZAITIHEZHONGYAOZHUASHOU,SHIGOUJIANZIYUANJIEYUEXINGHEHUANJINGYOUHAOXINGSHEHUI、FAZHANDITANJINGJIDEZUIJIAFANGSHIHEZHONGYAOTUJING,SHIJIANSHEJIANKANGZHONGGUO、MEILIZHONGGUO,SHIXIANZHONGGUOMENGDEYOULIZHICHENGHEZHONGYAONEIRONG。JIYUDUIZHONGGUOSHENGTAILVYOUDEFAZHANYUZHANWANG,BENWENCONGFAZHANLICHENG、JIBENXIANZHUANG、FAZHANCHENGXIAOYUCHENGGONGJINGYANLAIJINXINGZONGJIEHECHANSHU。

发展历程

GUONEISHENGTAILVYOUDEFAZHAN,JINGLILECONGGAINIANYINJINDAOJIESHOULIJIE(20SHIJI90NIANDAIZHI2000NIAN)HECONGDUOZHONGSHIJIANDAODIANXINGSHIFAN(2001NIANZHIJIN)LIANGGEDADEJIEDUAN。

GUONEIZHENGSHIYINRU“SHENGTAILVYOU”YICISHIZAI20SHIJI90NIANDAICHUQI。ZAIZHIHOU20DUONIANDESHIJIANLI,SHENGTAILVYOUZAIGUONEIYINQIXUESHUJIEGUANGFANGUANZHU,BINGZHUJIANBEISHEHUIGUANGFANGUANZHU。JINRU21SHIJIYIHOU,SHENGTAILVYOUZAIGUONEIDEDAOKUAISUFAZHAN。BANSUIZHEJUBANYIXIEZHONGYAOHUIYIDETONGSHI,YEZAITANSUODUOZHONGXINGSHIDESHIJIANHUODONG,SHENGTAILVYOUDEZONGTIXINGSHIXIANGZHELIHAODEFANGXIANGFAZHAN。JINNIANLAIDESHENGTAILVYOUDIANXINGSHIFANQUJIANSHE,YOUZHUYUZAISHIJIANZHONGJINYIBULIJIESHENGTAILVYOUDEGAINIANNEIHAN,PINGHENGSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANYUBAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJINGHEWENHUAZHIJIANDEGUANXI。

HAOWUYIWEN,ZHONGGUOSHENGTAILVYOUDEFAZHANZONGDEQINGKUANGSHIFAZHANHENKUAI、CHENGJIHENDA,SUIRANHAICUNZAIYIXIEBUZUHEWENTI,DANSHIQIANJINGGUANGMING。

基本现状

手机买彩票DANGQIAN,WOGUOSHENGTAILVYOUFAZHANXINGSHIXIREN,WULUNCONGZHENGCE、CHANYE,HAISHIXUESHUYANJIULAIKAN,SHENGTAILVYOUDEFAZHANDOUHUODELEGENGDUODEZHICHI、GENGDADETOURU、GENGJIASHENRUDEYANJIUHESHIJIAN。

1、政策层面手机买彩票如何把生态文明建设的理念、原则、目标等深刻融入和全面贯穿到我国经济、政治、文化、社会建设的各方面和全过程,是当前和今后一段时期内摆在我们面前的一项艰巨任务。十八大明确提出推进生态文明建设,构建生态安全格局,十八届三中全会进一步要求建立空间规划体系,划定生产、生活、生态空间开发管制界限。“十三五”规划《纲要》要求加大生态环境保护力度,为人民提供更多优质生态产品。

手机买彩票2、CHANYEXIANZHUANG:WOGUOSHENGTAILVYOUFAZHANZHIJIN,YOUYUSHOUGEFANGMIANYINSUDEYINGXIANG,SHENGTAILVYOUCHANYESUIRANHAIBUNENGJINXINGDULIHESUANHETONGJICHANYETILIANG,DANSHENGTAILVYOUCHANYEDETESEHEGUIMOYIJINGXINGCHENG。CIWAI,SHENGTAILVYOUFAZHANDAIDONGLEJIUYEZENGSHOUNENGLI,MUQIANSHENGTAILVYOUYICHENGWEINONGMINTUOPINZENGSHOUDEXINQUDAO,GENGCHENGWEITUIDONGDIFANGJINGJIZHUANXINGSHENGJI、CUJINXIAOFEIDEXINYINQING,DUIDIFANGSHEHUIJINGJIDEDAIDONGZUOYONGRIYIMINGXIAN。

JINNIANLAI,RENMENDUISHENGTAILVYOUXINGQUDEZENGQIANGFANYINGLEYIZHONGBUDUANGAOZHANGDESHIDAICHAOLIU,NEIJIUSHIQINJINZIRAN、GANSHOUZIRANZHENGCHENGWEIYIZHONGSHISHANGXIAOFEI。YUELAIYUEDUODELVYOUZHEYIJINGBUZAIMANZUYUYIBANXINGSHIDEGUANGUANGYOULAN,ERSHIZHUIQIUGENGSHENCENGCIDELVYOUTIYAN,BINGZHUZHONGCANYUXING。

3、学术研究领域手机买彩票经过20多年的努力,生态旅游的概念体系、研究对象以及研究内容已基本清晰,其理论“范式”也初步成型。生态旅游是在围绕大众旅游与替代旅游、特定主题旅游、可持续旅游等相互竞争的语境或背景下产生的。国内学者在引进、消化和吸收国外相关概念的基础上,也在积极探讨生态旅游的内涵和本质,并在客观上形成和积累了一套与生态旅游密切相关的概念体系。在发展过程中,还相继产生了相关的教育机构、生态旅游相关协会与学术组织。特别值得一提和令人欣慰的是,国家自然科学基金对生态旅游研究领域一直在研究项目上给予关注与支持,国家水利部和国家林业局也对生态旅游的学术交流和研究给予了支持。到目前为止,生态旅游的研究内容逐渐聚焦,研究问题逐渐清晰。

发展成效

BAOKUO:

(1)JIYUSHENGTAIXITONGFUWUDEFUHESHENGTAIXITONGLILUN。

(2)JIYUSHENGTAIJICHUSHESHIDEJINGGUANSHENGTAIXUELILUN。

(3)JIYUSHENGTAILVYOURONGLIANGDESHENGTAICHENGZAILILILUN。

(4)JIYUKECHIXULVYOUDEKECHIXUFAZHANLILUN。

(5)JIYUSHEQUCANYUDELIYIXIANGGUANZHELILUN。

手机买彩票(6)JIYUGUOJILINIANDESHENGTAILVYOUBENTUHUALILUN。

2、生态旅游目的地体系基本形成:为了保护珍贵的自然文化遗产手机买彩票,中国政府于1956年在广东先行建立了第一个自然保护区,此后,伴随着自然保护区数量的逐年增多,政府各部门根据自身的业务分工和行业特点又相继建立了风景名胜区、森林公园、地质公园、湿地公园、水利风景区、海洋特别保护区(含海洋公园)、沙漠公园等不同类型的自然保护地。截至2014年底,中国已建立各种类型、不同级别的自然保护地8900多处,总面积约占陆地面积的18%。其中,国家级自然保护地已达2992处。从宏观层面看,中国已初步形成了具有一定规模和本土特色的自然保护地体系。这些各级各类自然保护地作为生态旅游目的地,提供优质的生态旅游资源,为开展生态旅游提供了基础条件。

ZHONGGUOZI2013NIANTICHU“JIANLIGUOJIAGONGYUANTIZHI”YILAI,YIXIANGJIFABUDUOGEGUANYUZIRANBAOHUHEGUOJIAGONGYUANTIZHIJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOZHENGCEZHIDAOWENJIAN。ZHONGGUOJIEKAIZHANGUOJIAGONGYUANSHIDIANDEQIJI,ZUIZHONGMUDESHIZHONGZUZIRANBAOHUDITIXI,LISHUNZIRANZIYUANZICHANDEGUANLITIZHI,TONGSHIYEWEIKAIZHANSHENGTAILVYOUTIGONGLEZHIDUBAOZHANG。

3、XIANGGUANFALVFAGUINARUSHENGTAILVYOUYUNYING:ZHENGFUCENGMIANZHIDINGDEXIANGGUANZHENGCEHEFAGUIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGWEISHENGTAILVYOUDEFAZHANYINGZAOLELIANGHAODEFALVJIZHENGCEHUANJING。QIJINWEIZHI,ZAIWOGUOSHEJISHENGTAILVYOUZHONGHUANJINGBAOHUDEFALVYOU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHUANJINGBAOHUFA》、《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOWENWUBAOHUFA》、《DAQIWURANFANGZHIFA》、《SENLINFA》、《YESHENGDONGWUBAOHUFA》、《HAIYANGHUANJINGBAOHUFA》、《SHUIWURANFANGZHIFA》DENG;DUILVYOUHUODONGXINGWEIJINXINGGUIFANDEFALVFAGUIYOU《LVYOUFA》、《LVYOUJIBENJIANSHEGUANLIZANXINGBANFA》、《LVXINGSHEGUANLITIAOLI》、《LVYOUANQUANGUANLIZANXINGBANFA》、《FENGJINGMINGSHENGQUGUANLIZANXINGTIAOLI》、《ZIRANBAOHUQUTIAOLI》、《DAOYOURENYUANGUANLITIAOLI》DENGXINGZHENGFAGUI。YUCITONGSHI,DIFANGZHENGFUZAIGUOJIAXIANYOUFALVDEJICHUSHANGYEXIANGYINGDIZHIDINGLEJIAQIANGLVYOUZIYUANKAIFAHESHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDEFAGUIJIZHENGCE。

ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,GUOWUYUANZAI1999NIANFABULE《QUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGJIANSHEGUIHUA》;GUOWUYUANZAI2000NIANFABULE《QUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUGANGYAO》,QUELILESHENGTAIBAOHUYUSHENGTAIJIANSHEBINGZHONGDEJIBENYUANZE;GUOJIAHUANBAOZONGJUYU2004NIANZAI《GUANYUJIAQIANGZIYUANKAIFASHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUJIANGUANGONGZUODEYIJIAN》ZHONGJINYIBUQIANGDIAOLELVYOUZIYUANKAIFAXIANGMUDEHUANPINGSHENCHAHESHENGTAIHUANJINGJIANGUANZHONGDIAN;2015NIANHUANJINGBAOHUBUYINFA《SHENGTAIBAOHUHONGXIANHUADINGJISHUZHINAN》;2016NIANHUANJINGBAOHUBUFABU《GUOMINJINGJIHESHEHUIFAZHANDISHISANGEWUNIANGUIHUAGANGYAO》。SHANGSHUFALVFAGUIWEISHENGTAILVYOUDEYOUXIAOYUNYINGTIGONGLEXIANSHIYIJU。

手机买彩票4、SHENGTAILVYOUGUANLITIZHIDEDAOWANSHAN:ZAIWOGUO,SHENGTAILVYOUDELIYIXIANGGUANZHEZHUYAOWEISHENGTAILVYOUZHE、DANGDISHEQU、ZHENGFUHUOXINGZHENGJIGOUHELVYOUJINGYINGZHE、QITACHANYEBUMENYIJINGOZUZHI。SHENGTAILVYOUCHANCHUDEXIAOYIZAIGELIYIXIANGGUANZHIJIANSHIXIANHELIFENPEI,SHIYIGEDONGTAIDEZUOYONGGUOCHENG。GELIYIXIANGGUANZHEYILAIGEZIZHANGWODEZIYUAN,DUIQITAGEFANGSHIJIAZUOYONG,ZUIZHONGGEQUSUOXU。CHULIGELIYIXIANGGUANZHEZHIJIANZUOYONGGUANXISHISHENGTAILVYOUGUANLIDEZHUYAONEIRONG,YESHIGUANXIQICHENGBAIDEGUANJIAN。LIYIFENPEIDEDONGTAIGUOCHENGSHIZHONGGUANCHUANZAISHENGTAILVYOUGUANLIDEKUANGJIAZHIZHONG,QIZHONGZHENGFUDEXIEDIAOYUDIAOKONGZUOYONGSHIBUKEHUOQUEDE。SHENGTAILVYOUYICHENGWEISHIXIANSHENGTAIBAOHU、LVYOUFAZHAN、HUANJINGJIAOYUJISHEQUFAZHANDENGDUOZHONGMUBIAODEYIZHONGZUIJIASHOUDUAN。

5、SHENGTAILVYOUCHANYEGUIMOCHUBUXIANXIAN:WOGUOSHENGTAILVYOUZIYUANBINGFUFENGFU,KAIZHANSHENGTAILVYOUDEQIANLIJUDA,QICHANYEGUIMOHETILIANGYICHUBUXIANXIAN,BINGYINLINGSHENGTAICHANYEDEQUANMIANFAZHAN。

YINCI,TONGGUOKAIZHANSHENGTAILVYOU,KEYICUJINSHENGTAICHANYEDEQUANMIANFAZHAN,CONGERSHIXIANSHENGTAICHANYE、SHENGTAIKEJI、SHENGTAIGONGCHENGYIJISHENGTAICHANPINDENGLVYOUJIAZHIDESHIXIAN。

成功经验

1、ZUOWEISHENGTAIBAOHUDESHIYONGTUJING:SHENGTAILVYOUJISHIDUIZIRANZIYUANDEYIZHONGHELILIYONGFANGSHI,YESHIDUISHENGTAIXITONGDEYIZHONGYOUXIAOGUANLITUJING。JINNIANLAIDEHUANJINGBAOHUYUNDONGBUDUANGAIBIANZHERENMENDUIZIRANDEJINYIBURENSHI。YOUYUZIRANJUYOUWENHUASHUXING,XIANJIEDUANDEZIRANBAOHUYISHIWENHUAXINGDEZIRANBAOHU。WULUNSHIDIYIZIRANHEDIERZIRAN,DOUSHISHENGTAILVYOUDEYIKAIZHANDEJICHUHEQIANTI。RUGUOZIRANDEBUDAOBAOHU,SHOUDAOPOHUAISHENZHIXIAOSHI,SHENGTAILVYOUYEBIANWUCONGTANQI。

手机买彩票2、ZUOWEIHUANJINGJIAOYUDESHIYONGSHOUDUAN:HUANJINGJIAOYUWEILVYOUZHETIGONGSHENDUTIYANDEJIHUI。WEILESHISHENGTAILVYOUZHEHUODESHENCENGCIDELVYOUTIYAN,XUYAOSHENRULEJIEHEBAWOLVYOUZHEDEHUANJINGYISHIHELVYOUJINGQUDEHUANJINGTEZHENG,YIBIANGENGHAODISHISHIHUANJINGJIAOYU。SHENGTAILVYOUBUJINYAOCHENGDANJIAOYUGONGNENG、TIXIANJIAOYUXIAOGUO,TONGSHIYAOJIEZHUHUANJINGJIAOYUSHESHI、JINGGUOZHOUMIDEHUANJINGSHEJIHEHUANJINGJIESHUODENGHUANJIEERJINXINGHUANJINGJIAOYUHUODONG。

3、ZUOWEISHEQUCANYUDEYOUXIAOCELVE:SHEQUCANYUDEMUBIAOJIUSHIWEICHISHEQUDEKECHIXUSHENGJI。SHENGTAILVYOUDEHEXINNEIHANSHITONGGUODUISHENGTAIXITONGDEBAOHUXINGLIYONG,SHIDANGDISHEQUDEDAOKECHIXUFAZHAN:YIFANGMIAN,TAYAOQIUZAIXIANGSHOUZIRANDITONGSHIBAOHUZIRAN,JIANSHAOLVYOUDUIHUANJINGDEFUMIANYINGXIANG,BINGWEIZIRANZIYUANDEBAOHUTIGONGZIJIN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,TAKEWEIDANGDIJUMINTIGONGJIUYEJIHUIHEHUODESHOURU,TIGAOZHENGTISHENGJISHUIPING。TONGGUOKAIZHANSHENGTAILVYOU,KEYIDAIDONGDANGDISHEQUXIANGGUANCHANYEDEFAZHANHEDUOZHONGJINGJIDEFANRONG,CONGERJIANQINGSHEQUJUMINDUIDANGDIZIYUANDEYILAI。SHIJIANHUODONGBIAOMING,SHEQUSHENGTAILVYOUZUOWEIYIXIANGSHENGJICELVEYIJINGCHANSHENGLEXIANZHUDESHENGJIJIEGUO,DANTONGSHIHAIJUYOUHENDADETISHENGKONGJIAN。


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